Northern Ireland


Столкнулась с тем, что в теме «The UK» достаточно хорошо разбираются England, Scotland and Wales, и лишь вскользь упоминается Northern Ireland. Чтобы восполнить этот пробел, предлагаю небольшой топик «Northern Ireland» (уровень Pre-Intermediate).




Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom. It is situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland and it has a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west. Northern Ireland has an area of 14,120 km2. Its population is over 1.5 million which is about 3% of the population of the United Kingdom. The main industries in Northern Ireland are food production, textile making, and shipbuilding.

Northern Ireland mapNorthern Ireland was created in 1920, when Britain established separate parliaments for the parts of Ireland dominated by Protestants and by Roman Catholics. The Protestant portion remained in union with Britain.

Northern Ireland consists of six counties in the Irish province of Ulster. It is the land of hills and low mountains separated by broad valleys. In central Northern Ireland is Lough (lake) Neagh ([lɔk nei]), Britain’s largest lake.

The capital of the state is Belfast. It is the industrial center of Northern Ireland and the second largest city in the island of Ireland. It is also the center of cultural life. In Belfast and its suburbs there are a lot of shops, night clubs, old-time pubs, theatres, green parks, art galleries, exotic restaurants, and much more to explore by the tourist.

The population of Northern Ireland is a mixture of peoples. Some two-thirds are the descendants of immigrant English and Scottish farmers of the 16th and 17th centuries. The rest are descendants of the Irish Celts. Though both groups lead a similar way of life they have different religion and political views. The first is mainly Protestant and wants the union with Britain. The second is mainly Roman Catholic and wants to be united with the Republic of Ireland.

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